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Water Cooler Guide


Water is responsible for life on Earth. Life originated in water. Two-thirds of the earth's surface is water. Over 60 percent of the human body is water. Water transports, dissolves, and replenishes us. It carries nutrients throughout blood stream, regulates your body temperature, keeps our muscles energized, cushions your joints, and keeps your fluids balanced. A loss of just six percent of your body's water supply can lead to dehydration, fatigue, nervousness, dizziness, weakness, and headaches.

So how much water should you drink? Doctors recommend half an ounce to a full ounce of water for every pound you weigh. If you weighed 200 pounds, you'd require 100 to 200 ounces of water per day, depending on the heat and your activity level. A 200-pound person living in a warm climates would require close to 200 ounces, while a person living in a cold climate could get by with as little as 100.

An easy way to increase your water intake is to install a water cooler in your home or office. Water coolers, also known as water dispensers, provide great tasting water with the touch of a button. Most modern units not only provide cold water to keep you refreshed, but also hot water for soups, coffee, tea, cocoa and other beverages. Water coolers come in several different types, each with their own strengths. Before you settle on a specific one, determine which one appeals to you and fits best into your home or work.   

Water Cooler Types

Top Loading Water Coolers 

The oldest and most common type of water cooler. The water bottle is placed at the top of the unit and the water drains down into the reservoir below. Most are compatible with 3 or 5 gallon water bottles that can be refilled at the supermarket or purchased through a water delivery service.

Top loading water coolers are simple to operate and virtually maintenance free. Originally designed only for cold water, today most top loading water coolers dispense both bot and cold water. New lines of water coolers also include a third option: room temperature water, which dispenses water at the ambient temperature. 

Top loading water coolers were notorious for causing spills because the top cap had to be removed before the bottle could be loaded into the cooler. To solve this problem, most modern coolers now include a bottle spike in the top, which punctures the cap of the bottle as you lower it into the cooler, so the water can drain out. All the water stays inside until the bottle is safely inserted into the top of the cooler, preventing any of it from getting on you.


Bottlom Loading Water Coolers

Bottom loading water coolers are similar to top loading water coolers, except instead of loading the bottle into the top of the cooler, the bottle is kept in a cabinet in the base and the water is pumped up into reservoir. Bottom loading coolers are an increasing popular alternative to traditional water coolers because they save you the effort of lifting heavy water jugs to refill the cooler. A 5-gallon water bottle weighs over 40 pounds, which can be tiring to lift and can cause muscle strain if done incorrectly. Bottom loading coolers relieve you of that burden.

To operate, open the cabinet, fit the nozzle inside the base over the top of the water bottle, and then slide the bottle into the base of the unit. The nozzle is connected to the water pump, which activates automatically. The whole operation can be completed in less than a minute.


Countertop Water Coolers 

If you like the idea of having water at a moment's notice, but don't have the space for a full-size cooler, a countertop water cooler may be your best option. Countertop water coolers can usually accommodate 2 to 5 gallon bottles. Just like their full size counterparts, most of these water coolers come with a compressor that heats and cools water, so you can enjoy the same benefits without sacrificing a great deal of kitchen space. They're also affordable and require little maintenance. A few are designed without any cooling capabilities at all. They're simply a ceramic or plastic reservoirs that dispense water at the ambient temperature. These dispensers are designed to be taken with you, so you can enjoy filtered water while you're on picnics, tailgating parties, or other outdoor activities.Primo-Counter-Top-Water-Dispenser

 Point of Use Water Coolers 

Point-of-use water coolers are more expensive than traditional water coolers, but cost less to operate. Instead of purchasing new bottles of water every month, these coolers dispense water taken directly from your water lines. In order to ensure the water's quality, the dispensers are fitted with a wide range of built-inn filters that remove chlorine, sediment, heavy metals, volatile organic compounds, and other harmful pollutants, so the water they dispense tastes as crisp and clean as bottled water.

The only downside is that they're more expensive than other water coolers. Their purchase costs are higher and they require a plumber to install the cooler and connect it to a water line. The good news is that once they're installed, they're extremely cheap to use. Tap water costs less than a penny per gallon, compared to $1.20-$1.40 per gallon for bottled water. A few months running a point-of-use water cooler can save you hundreds of dollars compared to a top or bottom loading water cooler.


Filtered Water Coolers

Filtered water coolers combine the advantages of top loading and point-of-use water coolers. They have all the standard features of a water cooler, but come with a built-in filtration systems that remove silt, odors, chlorine and other chemicals. The most common filtration systems are reverse osmosis and activated carbon.

Reverse osmosis filters pass water through semi-permeable membrane that traps dissolved inorganic solids such as salt, calcium, iron, mercury, lead, arsenic, cyanide, and chloride. Once the pollutants have been removed from your water supply, they're flushed away down the pipes to prevent them from building up inside the cooler and re-contaminating your water. Reverse osmosis cycles water through the filters using water pressure, not electricity, so it doesn't cost anything to operate.

Activated carbon filters are made from layers of carbon granules. Carbon is extremely porous, giving it a large surface area per unit of volume. As water passes through the carbon, pollutants adhere to its surface or get trapped inside the carbon's pores. Carbon can trap particles as small as 0.5 micrometers, 200 times smaller than a grain of sand.

A new filtering option for top loading water coolers is a refillable filtered water bottle. These are multi-gallon pitchers that sit atop your water cooler like an ordinary water bottle. Pour water into the top and as it percolates down to the bottom, it passes through a carbon filter, which removes harmful contaminants. The water then drains down into the reservoir as normal. These bottles can be refilled endlessly using ordinary tap water and fit most top loading water coolers. They're an inexpensive way to save time and money.


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