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Landscape Art, Landscape Architecture & Resin Wicker Patio Furniture
A love for landscape art in Western culture started a similar passion for landscape design architecture. The emotion we feel when we see an exquisite painting is what we want to feel when we enter our own backyard. Landscape art and landscape design are as interwoven as an ambling rose bush and a country fence.
Examine some of the most famous pieces of landscape art, and feel the connection between the vision and the artist. Artists like John Constable, Samuel Palmer, and J. M. W. Turner are a few of the most noteworthy. These artists depict pastoral settings that connect the viewer to the natural world and provide an escape from the harsh realities of their lives.
As in literature, art was a diversion from real world suffering. The same can be said today of landscape design and the way in which a backyard environment can invoke peace and pleasure.
Previous examples of landscape art consisted of frescos from Minoan Greece and dated back to around 1500 BCE. Hunting scenes emphasize human form, animals, and plants. These rough forms didn't include scaling for distance or other specialized techniques. Work embodying artistic skill was first exemplified in Ancient Greece during the Hellenistic period and developed even further during the Roman age.
The tradition of Chinese ink painting usually depicted a "pure" landscape in which the only sign of human life was a sage or a hut. Roman and Chinese forms of landscape art generally show grand panoramas of imaginary landscapes backed by large mountains, waterfalls, seas, and rivers. For the Chinese, landscape art was the highest form of painting.
During the middle ages, landscape art was nearly forgotten. It disappeared until about the 14th century when Giotto di Bondone and his followers began to acknowledge landscape in their work. At this time, landscape was strictly a tool to provide a background setting for the action of figures. It wasn't until the 16th century that landscapes were idealized, reflecting a pastoral ideal drawn from classical poetry.
For every era of landscape art the world is viewed through a different lens, making artists like Monet, Renoir, and Turner unique in later years.
The Romantic movement of 1770-1870 marks the beginning of some of the best landscape artwork yet produced. The Metropolitan Museum of Art defines the Romantic era as follows: "Romanticism emerged as a response to the disillusionment with the Enlightenment values of reason and order in the aftermath of the French Revolution of 1789." When you consider the Romantics and the artwork, you can see a definitive connection between emotion and landscape.
Panoramic views, winding paths, pastoral meadows, and rolling seas are just a few of the alluring landscapes that appeal to the Romantic spirit. For the Romantics, nature was a liberating force and an archetype of sensual pleasure. It proffered moral instruction, religious insight, and artistic inspiration. "The garden" was a place of change, growth, self-awareness, and in some cases, sin.
Romanticism was considered an aesthetic movement around1778 with the publication of Lyrical Ballads by William Wordsworth. This movement emphasized the imagination and emotion, an alternative to the orderly thought of the Enlightenment period. This era is often referred to as the "age of revolutions." This was an age of upheavals in political, economical, and social traditions, including the American and French revolutions. It was an age that witnessed the initial transformation of the Industrial Revolution.
It is during this time that you can see a real connection between landscape art and landscape design as many artists turned architects began creating spacious gardens and retreats.
Landscape Art and Landscape Design
The Romantic age focused on three primary features: imagination, nature, and symbolism and myth. The imagination was the supreme faculty of the mind, nature was an organic image of a tree or man, and symbolism was nature's emblematic language. Organic imagery replaced the rationalist view of the universe as a machine and symbols allowed for better expression. Other concepts include: emotion, lyric poetry, and the self.
These factors can be seen in today's use of landscape design. Art on canvas has transformed itself through physical art. The idea of creating a harmonious living space is a perfect example of how Romantic thought has been cultivated and developed over the centuries. Pastoral landscape is as prevalent in today's themes as it was back in the 1800's.
In 1846, Charles Baudelaire wrote, "Romanticism is precisely situated neither in choice of subject nor in exact truth, but in a way of feeling." In the same way, landscape design evokes feeling. You create a backyard setting that allows you to feel comfortable.
Plants are selected to evoke feeling, either by presence or aura, and floating walkways, arbors, and alcoves are arranged to provide a sense of tranquility or happiness. Select furnishings like teak, cedar, pine or even resin wicker patio furniture are used to provide seating.
Landscape designers create spaces that are conducive to your senses and provide you with the emotions you want to induce. Whether its serenity, vitality, stability, balance, or flow and movement, a landscape design can put it together the same way a landscape artist paints a portrait.
Famous landscape design architects include Frederick Law Olmsted and Calvert Vaux for the design of Central Park in New York City. Jean-Jaques Rousseau presupposed the movement by introduced highly influential theories of landscape design in his popular novel Julie, ou, La Nouvelle, Heloise in1761.
Moreover, Alexander Pope's Epistle to Lord Burlington admonished wealthy proprietors of country estates to scorn self-indulgent follies and respect the "genius of the place," the natural beauty of the terrain. Landscape art of the Romantic era expressed a reverence for nature and aesthetic ideals that also became apparent in landscape design.