Landscape Art, Landscape Architecture & Resin WickerPatio Furniture
A love for landscape art in Western culture started asimilar passion for landscape design architecture. The emotion we feel when wesee an exquisite painting is what we want to feel when we enter our ownbackyard. Landscape art and landscape design are as interwoven as an amblingrose bush and a country fence.
Examine some of the most famous pieces of landscape art,and feel the connection between the vision and the artist. Artists like JohnConstable, Samuel Palmer, and J. M. W. Turner are a few of the most noteworthy.These artists depict pastoral settings that connect the viewer to the naturalworld and provide an escape from the harsh realities of their lives.
As in literature, art was a diversion from real worldsuffering. The same can be said today of landscape design and the way in which abackyard environment can invoke peace and pleasure.
Previous examples of landscape art consisted of frescos fromMinoan Greece and dated back to around 1500 BCE. Hunting scenes emphasize humanform, animals, and plants. These rough forms didn't include scaling for distanceor other specialized techniques. Work embodying artistic skill was firstexemplified in Ancient Greece during the Hellenistic period and developed evenfurther during the Roman age.
The tradition of Chinese ink painting usually depicted a"pure" landscape in which the only sign of human life was a sage or a hut. Romanand Chinese forms of landscape art generally show grand panoramas of imaginarylandscapes backed by large mountains, waterfalls, seas, and rivers. For theChinese, landscape art was the highest form of painting.
During the middle ages, landscape art was nearly forgotten.It disappeared until about the 14th century when Giotto di Bondone and hisfollowers began to acknowledge landscape in their work. At this time, landscapewas strictly a tool to provide a background setting for the action of figures.It wasn't until the 16th century that landscapes were idealized,reflecting a pastoral ideal drawn from classical poetry.
For every era of landscape art the world is viewed througha different lens, making artists like Monet, Renoir, and Turner unique in lateryears.
The Romantic movement of 1770-1870 marks the beginning ofsome of the best landscape artwork yet produced. TheMetropolitan Museum of Artdefines the Romantic era as follows: "Romanticism emerged as a response to thedisillusionment with the Enlightenment values of reason and order in theaftermath of the French Revolution of 1789." When you consider the Romantics andthe artwork, you can see a definitive connection between emotion and landscape.
Panoramic views, winding paths, pastoral meadows, androlling seas are just a few of the alluring landscapes that appeal to theRomantic spirit. For the Romantics, nature was a liberating force and anarchetype of sensual pleasure. It proffered moral instruction, religiousinsight, and artistic inspiration. "The garden" was a place of change, growth,self-awareness, and in some cases, sin.
Romanticism was considered an aesthetic movement around1778 with the publication of Lyrical Ballads by William Wordsworth. Thismovement emphasized the imagination and emotion, an alternative to the orderlythought of the Enlightenment period. This era is often referred to as the "ageof revolutions." This was an age of upheavals in political, economical, andsocial traditions, including the American and French revolutions. It was an agethat witnessed the initial transformation of the Industrial Revolution.
It is during this time that you can see a real connectionbetween landscape art and landscape design as many artists turned architectsbegan creating spacious gardens and retreats.
Landscape Art and Landscape Design
The Romantic age focused on three primary features:imagination, nature, and symbolism and myth. The imagination was the supremefaculty of the mind, nature was an organic image of a tree or man, and symbolismwas nature's emblematic language. Organic imagery replaced the rationalist viewof the universe as a machine and symbols allowed for better expression. Otherconcepts include: emotion, lyric poetry, and the self.
These factors can be seen in today's use of landscapedesign. Art on canvas has transformed itself through physical art. The idea ofcreating a harmonious living space is a perfect example of how Romantic thoughthas been cultivated and developed over the centuries. Pastoral landscape is asprevalent in today's themes as it was back in the 1800's.
In 1846, Charles Baudelaire wrote, "Romanticism isprecisely situated neither in choice of subject nor in exact truth, but in a wayof feeling." In the same way, landscape design evokes feeling. You create abackyard setting that allows you to feel comfortable.
Plants are selected to evoke feeling, either by presence oraura, and floating walkways, arbors, and alcoves are arranged to provide a senseof tranquility or happiness. Select furnishings like teak, cedar, pine or even resin wicker patio furniture are used to provide seating.
Landscape designers create spaces that are conducive toyour senses and provide you with the emotions you want to induce. Whether itsserenity, vitality, stability, balance, or flow and movement, a landscape designcan put it together the same way a landscape artist paints a portrait.
Famous landscape design architects include Frederick LawOlmsted and Calvert Vaux for the design of Central Park in New York City. Jean-JaquesRousseau presupposed the movement by introduced highly influential theories oflandscape design in his popular novel Julie, ou, La Nouvelle, Heloise in1761.
Moreover, Alexander Pope's Epistle to Lord Burlingtonadmonished wealthy proprietors of country estates to scorn self-indulgentfollies and respect the "genius of the place," the natural beauty of theterrain. Landscape art of the Romantic era expressed a reverence for nature andaesthetic ideals that also became apparent in landscape design.
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