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7/31/2014 3:33:08 PMANW004buyboxdiscountGet up to 15% OFF MOST ORDERS TODAY Use Code Deal at checkoutcserebatediscountbannerv2discountbannerv2secuhomepagemainhours Mon-Fri: 7 AM - 5 PM PSTlogomobilebannermobilebannersecurepopcouponseoblurbEnjoy Perfectly Chilled Wine with a Wine Cooler Did you know that 20 million acres of land is planted to grapes worldwide? For centuries wine has been one of the most popular beverages made. People have been enjoying wine since ancient times, and it's widely consumed today. Enjoyed in moderation it's even known to have health benefits. According to Joy Bauer of NBC's Today Health "the alcohol content and non-alcoholic phytochemicals in wine has been shown to reduce the risk of heart disease, certain cancers, and slow the progression of neurological degenerative disorders like Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease." So if you love wine - maybe you're a wine connoisseur or a new collector - then consider a wine cooler to store your collection in. Wine coolers come in a variety of shapes and sizes and they're perfect for both red and white wines. Single ZoneSingle zone wine coolers are best for storing a single type of wine - either your favorite reds or whites. Most models include an adjustable thermostat so you can keep your collection chilled at an ideal temperature. Some are compact, holding between 12 and 21 bottles of wine at a time. This type fits in small spaces easily, making them perfect for apartment living or a home bar. Some are slightly bigger and include storage for stemware and other wine accessories. Dual ZoneThese wine coolers store both red and white wine at separate temperatures. An adjustable thermostat allows you to set the temperature for each zone just as you like. White wine must be kept slightly cooler than red wine. The optimal temperature for a red wine beverage is 50-55 degrees F. White wines should be kept at a temperature of about 45 degrees F. This type of cooler allows you to store a variety of flavors at an optimal temperature for the best possible results.Choosing to store your wine in a wine fridge is a great idea. Too often some of the best wine collections are damaged because of instability in temperature and moisture. A wine cooler provides balance and stability thus maintaining excellent flavor and proper aging.A Few Wine Facts - Just for Fun!The smell of young wine is called "aroma" and the smell of a more mature wine is called a "bouquet"Women tend to be better wine tasters than men because women have a stronger sense of smellRed wines are red because fermentation extracts color from the grape skinsWine testers swirl their glass to encourage the wine to release all aromasOne ton of grapes makes about 60 cases of wine - about 720 bottles, and one bottle of wine contains 2.8 lbs. of grapesRed wine represents 55% of restaurant wine salesA "cork-tease" is someone that constantly talks about opening a bottle of wine but never doesThe world's oldest bottle of wine dates back to A.D. 325trust502422099Contentair-conditioner-history.htmPage-Content-WBP-air-conditioner-history.htm99242/air-conditioner-history.htm26FreeAnswerUrl/air-conditioner-history.htm1System27FreeAnswerBrowser TitleHistory of the Air Conditioner1Page28WysiwygContent<div align="center"><table border="0" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" width="700"><tbody><tr><td><h1>History of the Air Conditioner</h1><table style="width: 200px" border="0" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="0" align="right"><tbody><tr><td valign="top"><img src="http://cache.air-n-water.com/photos/10303-2m.jpg" alt="randomwindowac" align="right"/></td></tr></tbody></table><p>Air conditioning(A/C) removes heat from an indoor environment for overall comfort. <a href="http://www.sae.edu/reference_material/pages/Air%20conditioning.htm" rel="nofollow">Air conditioning</a> may also consist of other aspects of indoor thermal regulation, such as <a href="http://www.ipcc.ch/pdf/assessment-report/ar4/wg3/ar4-wg3-chapter6.pdf" rel="nofollow">cooling, heating, ventilation (PDF)</a> and disinfection. Anair conditioning unit, an appliance, machine or system, stabilizes the humidity and air temperature within a confided area. These thermal regulation systems use a refrigeration or evaporative cycle to achieve the desired results.</p><p>The oldest traces to the concept of <a href="http://cool.conservation-us.org/byorg/abbey/an/an15/an15-6/an15-614.html" rel="nofollow">air conditioning</a> emerged out of 2nd century China of the Hans Dynasty. Ding Huang invented a rotary fan model with seven wheels that was manually powered. Emperor Xuanzong of the Tang Dynasty ordered the construction of the Cool Hall, a water-powered fan wheels using water fountain jet streams. Despite the technological advancement, the ancient Romans applied earlier concepts using aqueduct water to circulate through houses in attempt to cool them. Ancient Persia developed techniques that used cisterns and wind towers as a cooling operation for buildings. Modern air conditioning advancements emerged out of the 19th century by pioneering chemists, such as Benjamin Franklin and John Hadley. However, <a href="http://www.phys.ufl.edu/~ihas/gorrie/fridge.htm" rel="nofollow">Dr. John Gorrie</a>, a native of Apalachicola, Florida, invented the first recognizable cooling appliance in the 1830s. Gorrie's design consisted of a machine motor that blew air across blocks of ice to cool hospital rooms. Likewise, President James Garfield ordered a group of naval engineers to construct a cooling machine that would blow air through ice cold pieces of cloth. Garfield's project was successful, despite a minor improvement and wasteful disposal of ice.</p><p><a href="http://web.mit.edu/invent/iow/carrier.html">Willis Haviland Carrie</a>r developed the first electrical air conditioning unit in 1902. Carrier's invention aimed to control both air temperature and humidity by sending air through cold coils. The air blowers directed streams over the cold coils to bring down the overall atmospheric temperature, thereby leading to moisture control. Carrier's concepts were applied to the workplace, which led to the formation of "The Carrier Air Conditioning Company of America."<a href="http://www.textilehistory.org/StuartWCramer.html" rel="nofollow">Stuart W. Cramer</a> explored various methods that introduced air to textile mills by combining moisture and ventilation for conditioning the air and humidity in factories. His evaporative techniques now engulf the concept of evaporative cooling.</p><p>The first air conditioning and refrigeration models used toxic or flammable gases to improve the overall atmospheric thermal temperature. Some of these toxic chemicals included ammonia, methly chlorida and propane, which would ignite causing fatal accidents if leakages existed. In 1928, Thomas Midgely Jr. invented the first chlorofluorocarbon gas also known as Freon to the modern industry. Hydrogenated CFC refrigerant, such as R-11, R-12, R-22 and R-134A, are used to expand home and building air conditioning. R-12 was employed in U.S. automobiles until 1994 before transitioning to R-134A. Concerns over the environmental impact made by Freon emissions have become the forefront since the growing increase of <a href="http://www.japanjournal.jp/tjje/show_art.php?INDyear=06&amp;INDmon=10&amp;artid=e582437d3ab061b38b4e15e412bf38f8" rel="nofollow">global warming</a>.</p><p>Air conditioning systems may exhibit an unnoticeable <a href="http://www.epa.gov/iaq/pubs/insidestory.html" rel="nofollow">health risk</a>. Microorganisms, such as Legionella pneumophila, a vicious bacterium that leads to the <a href="http://www.umm.edu/ency/article/000616.htm">Legionnaires' disease</a>, can spread throughout the confined areas. It is vitally important for owners to call a professional for regular servicing in order to keep the system clean of these dangerous microorganisms. However, air conditioning may also improve the overall filtration, cooling, disinfection and humidification of confined areas that need a sanitary and hypoallergenic atmosphere. Air conditioning may also help extend lives of the elderly during serious heat waves.</p><p>Air conditioners help promote a comfortable cabin temperature free of excessive heat and humidity while traveling. Air conditioning may not increase the overall fuel efficiency of a <a href="http://www.greatachievements.org/?id=3864" rel="nofollow">vehicle</a> because of the wind resistance, engine power and aerodynamics causing a direct impact on gas mileage. The first automobile air conditioning was released in 1933 from a company located in New York City, which offered air conditioning installation for cars. Most of the clients for these installations were limousine and high-end cars for the upper class. In 1939, <a href="http://www.autolife.umd.umich.edu/Race/R_Overview/Packard.htm" rel="nofollow">Packard Motor Car Company</a> built air conditioners directly into its cars. These optional units were installed at a modest equivalent of $4,050 United States dollars. The <a href="http://www.nashcarclub.org/nccaphot/fifty/51_5178-8034-wagner.html" rel="nofollow">Nash Ambassador</a> was the first American automobile to have a fully-integrated heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning system. About twenty percent of all American cars were equipped with air conditioning in 1960, and grew to 54 percent by 1964.<img src="http://cache.air-n-water.com/art/orange-acb.jpg" alt="orangeac" align="right" width="121" height="173"/></p><p><a href="http://www.lib.niu.edu/1998/ic980818.html" rel="nofollow">Portable air conditioners</a> are equipped with wheels for easy transportation inside and out of a home or building. Portable air conditioners consists of an evaporative or refrigerative, split or hosed system. These systems use a compressor to exchange air for heat, dehumidifying the air while cooling it. It rounds up condensation from cooled air, and produces hot air that will need to be vented outside of the cooled area. A portable split system uses flexible pipes, while hosed systems vents through a series of air ducts. Portable evaporative air coolers are not equipped with a compressor or condenser, but instead evaporates water on the cooling fins, which releases the vapor into the various cool areas.</p><p><a href="http://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy01osti/28037.pdf" rel="nofollow">Heat pumps (PDF)</a> relocate heat from one location (heatsink) to another at a lower temperature. A heat pump provides either heating or cooling, while using the same refrigeration cycle. Therefore, a heat pump switches between a condenser or evaporator through a reversing valve. Cooler climates might require homes and buildings to only have strictlyheat pumps (PDF) without the cooling aspect. Food refrigerators, freezers, air conditioners, and split heat pumps provide ample space heating. <a href="http://www1.eere.energy.gov/geothermal/heatpumps.html" rel="nofollow">Heat pumps</a> are usually referred to as vapor-compression refrigeration devices, which include reversing valves and heat exchangers in order to reverse the overall heat flow. Heat pumps draw heat from the ground to accomplish this function.</p><p><a href="http://www.greenerchoices.org/products.cfm?product=ac" rel="nofollow">"Green Buying Guide" for air conditioners</a></p><p><a href="http://www.aceee.org/consumer/cooling" rel="nofollow">Steps to Make Your House Cooler Before Buying an A/C</a></p><p><a href="http://www.consumerenergycenter.org/home/heating_cooling/window_ac.html" rel="nofollow">Window A/C: Make Sure It's the Right Size!</a></p><p><a href="http://www.greatachievements.org/?id=3854" rel="nofollow">Keeping It Cool Timeline</a></p><p>&nbsp; </p></td></tr></tbody></table></div>1Page2729WysiwygFooter<div align="center"><table border="0" width="700"><tbody><tr><td><h2>Recommended Pages: </h2></td></td /></tr><tr><td><table border="1" cellspacing="0" width="700" cellpading="0"><tbody><tr><td><table><tbody></tbody></table><table border="0" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" width="700" align="center"><tbody><tr><th>Ice Makers</th><th>Portable Air Conditioners</th><th>Misting Fans&nbsp;</th></tr><tr><td><ul><li><a href="http://www.air-n-water.com/evaporative-cooler.htm">Portable air cooler</a> </li><li><a href="http://www.air-n-water.com/portable-air-conditioners.htm">Portable air conditioning</a> </li><li><a href="http://www.air-n-water.com/wine-cellar.htm">Wine coolers </a></li><li><a href="http://www.air-n-water.com/wall-air-conditioners.htm">Wall air conditioners </a></li><li><a href="http://www.air-n-water.com/patio-heaters.htm">Patio heaters </a></li></ul></td><td><ul><li><a href="http://www.air-n-water.com/portable-air-conditioners.htm">Portable air conditioners</a> </li><li><a href="http://www.air-n-water.com/water-dispensers.htm">Home water dispenser </a></li><li><a href="http://www.air-n-water.com/portable-ac-newair.htm">NewAir air conditioners </a></li><li><a href="http://www.air-n-water.com/split_air.htm">Split air conditioner </a></li><li><a href="http://www.air-n-water.com/heaters-commercial.htm">Propane garage heaters </a></li></ul></td><td><ul><li><a href="http://www.air-n-water.com/freestanding-wine-coolers.htm">Freestanding wine cellar </a></li><li><a href="http://www.air-n-water.com/AC-recommended.html">Best rated portable air conditioners </a></li><li><a href="http://www.air-n-water.com/FAQ-Swamp-Recommendation.htm">Swamp cooler reviews </a></li><li><a href="http://www.air-n-water.com/wine-cooler-cabinets.htm">Wine cabinet </a></li><li><a href="http://www.air-n-water.com/mistingfan.htm">Misting fans </a></li></ul></td></tr></tbody></table></td></tr></tbody></table></td></tr></tbody></table></td /></tr /></table /></div>1Page29MultiChoiceDropDownTemplate1171System1449MultiChoiceDropDownSidebar761System281FreeAnswerMeta Keywordsair conditioner, air conditioners, air conditioner history, ac history, air conditioning 1Page282FreeAnswerMeta DescriptionAn air conditioner is a an absolute must-have during the summer, but do you know how & when it was invented? Learn more about the interesting history here.1Page99762randomwindowacImage-air-conditioner-history.htm-randomwindowac00/photos/10303-2m.jpg/photos/10303-2m-s.jpg/photos/10303-2m-l.jpg/photos/10303-2m-m.jpg/photos/10303-2m.jpg/photos/10303-2m-c.jpg99762randomwindowacImage-air-conditioner-history.htm-randomwindowac030/photos/10303-2m.jpg/photos/10303-2m-s.jpg/photos/10303-2m-l.jpg/photos/10303-2m-m.jpg/photos/10303-2m.jpg/photos/10303-2m-c.jpg99768orangeacImage-air-conditioner-history.htm-orangeac130/art/orange-acb.jpg/art/orange-acb-s.jpg/art/orange-acb-l.jpg/art/orange-acb-m.jpg/art/orange-acb.jpg/art/orange-acb-c.jpg

History of the Air Conditioner

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Air conditioning(A/C) removes heat from an indoor environment for overall comfort. Air conditioning may also consist of other aspects of indoor thermal regulation, such as cooling, heating, ventilation (PDF) and disinfection. Anair conditioning unit, an appliance, machine or system, stabilizes the humidity and air temperature within a confided area. These thermal regulation systems use a refrigeration or evaporative cycle to achieve the desired results.

The oldest traces to the concept of air conditioning emerged out of 2nd century China of the Hans Dynasty. Ding Huang invented a rotary fan model with seven wheels that was manually powered. Emperor Xuanzong of the Tang Dynasty ordered the construction of the Cool Hall, a water-powered fan wheels using water fountain jet streams. Despite the technological advancement, the ancient Romans applied earlier concepts using aqueduct water to circulate through houses in attempt to cool them. Ancient Persia developed techniques that used cisterns and wind towers as a cooling operation for buildings. Modern air conditioning advancements emerged out of the 19th century by pioneering chemists, such as Benjamin Franklin and John Hadley. However, Dr. John Gorrie, a native of Apalachicola, Florida, invented the first recognizable cooling appliance in the 1830s. Gorrie's design consisted of a machine motor that blew air across blocks of ice to cool hospital rooms. Likewise, President James Garfield ordered a group of naval engineers to construct a cooling machine that would blow air through ice cold pieces of cloth. Garfield's project was successful, despite a minor improvement and wasteful disposal of ice.

Willis Haviland Carrier developed the first electrical air conditioning unit in 1902. Carrier's invention aimed to control both air temperature and humidity by sending air through cold coils. The air blowers directed streams over the cold coils to bring down the overall atmospheric temperature, thereby leading to moisture control. Carrier's concepts were applied to the workplace, which led to the formation of "The Carrier Air Conditioning Company of America."Stuart W. Cramer explored various methods that introduced air to textile mills by combining moisture and ventilation for conditioning the air and humidity in factories. His evaporative techniques now engulf the concept of evaporative cooling.

The first air conditioning and refrigeration models used toxic or flammable gases to improve the overall atmospheric thermal temperature. Some of these toxic chemicals included ammonia, methly chlorida and propane, which would ignite causing fatal accidents if leakages existed. In 1928, Thomas Midgely Jr. invented the first chlorofluorocarbon gas also known as Freon to the modern industry. Hydrogenated CFC refrigerant, such as R-11, R-12, R-22 and R-134A, are used to expand home and building air conditioning. R-12 was employed in U.S. automobiles until 1994 before transitioning to R-134A. Concerns over the environmental impact made by Freon emissions have become the forefront since the growing increase of global warming.

Air conditioning systems may exhibit an unnoticeable health risk. Microorganisms, such as Legionella pneumophila, a vicious bacterium that leads to the Legionnaires' disease, can spread throughout the confined areas. It is vitally important for owners to call a professional for regular servicing in order to keep the system clean of these dangerous microorganisms. However, air conditioning may also improve the overall filtration, cooling, disinfection and humidification of confined areas that need a sanitary and hypoallergenic atmosphere. Air conditioning may also help extend lives of the elderly during serious heat waves.

Air conditioners help promote a comfortable cabin temperature free of excessive heat and humidity while traveling. Air conditioning may not increase the overall fuel efficiency of a vehicle because of the wind resistance, engine power and aerodynamics causing a direct impact on gas mileage. The first automobile air conditioning was released in 1933 from a company located in New York City, which offered air conditioning installation for cars. Most of the clients for these installations were limousine and high-end cars for the upper class. In 1939, Packard Motor Car Company built air conditioners directly into its cars. These optional units were installed at a modest equivalent of $4,050 United States dollars. The Nash Ambassador was the first American automobile to have a fully-integrated heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning system. About twenty percent of all American cars were equipped with air conditioning in 1960, and grew to 54 percent by 1964.orangeac

Portable air conditioners are equipped with wheels for easy transportation inside and out of a home or building. Portable air conditioners consists of an evaporative or refrigerative, split or hosed system. These systems use a compressor to exchange air for heat, dehumidifying the air while cooling it. It rounds up condensation from cooled air, and produces hot air that will need to be vented outside of the cooled area. A portable split system uses flexible pipes, while hosed systems vents through a series of air ducts. Portable evaporative air coolers are not equipped with a compressor or condenser, but instead evaporates water on the cooling fins, which releases the vapor into the various cool areas.

Heat pumps (PDF) relocate heat from one location (heatsink) to another at a lower temperature. A heat pump provides either heating or cooling, while using the same refrigeration cycle. Therefore, a heat pump switches between a condenser or evaporator through a reversing valve. Cooler climates might require homes and buildings to only have strictlyheat pumps (PDF) without the cooling aspect. Food refrigerators, freezers, air conditioners, and split heat pumps provide ample space heating. Heat pumps are usually referred to as vapor-compression refrigeration devices, which include reversing valves and heat exchangers in order to reverse the overall heat flow. Heat pumps draw heat from the ground to accomplish this function.

"Green Buying Guide" for air conditioners

Steps to Make Your House Cooler Before Buying an A/C

Window A/C: Make Sure It's the Right Size!

Keeping It Cool Timeline

 

Recommended Pages:

Ice MakersPortable Air ConditionersMisting Fans